A Westerner who first moves to China—a country that developed in isolation for much of its history—faces two major challenges. The first is understanding the Chinese language, often regarded as one of the world's most difficult to master. But the second is possibly even more vexing: cultural differences. Some are obvious, but others can be so insidious that it can require years to understand. And while the term is overused (A friend in Beijing tried to explain away the city's crooked taxi drivers as a “cultural difference.” I didn't buy it.) there are any number of legitimate differences in the ways Chinese people and Westerners go about their lives.
In lieu of verbal explanations, Yang Liu, a Chinese-born artist who has lived in Germany since she was 14, expressed these differences through ingenious illustrations first put together for an art installation five years ago. Juxtaposing Chinese cultural practices in red with German ones in blue—though the “German” norms are actually common throughout Western countries—the images are simple, evocative, and accurate. Here's a handful of the best ones, accompanied by captions underneath. (The full selection can be found here.)
Traveling and recording memories
How to stand in line
Ideal of beauty
Elderly in day-to-day life
Noise level inside a restaurant
These days in China, it isn't hard to find quiet restaurants, young women who like tan skin, independent travelers, and bosses who don't lord over their workers, so perhaps over time these differences might erode. But for now, these illustrations neatly encapsulate some of habits, customs, and expectations for which most Chinese people part ways with Westerners.