I was part of a movement that protested the egregious law against unlocking phones. The Obama administration sided with us. It can do more to protect property rights in the digital age.
On January 26 this year, the Librarian of Congress declared that unlocking a cell phone to make it available on other carriers was illegal under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998.
A free society should not ban technologies unless there is a truly overwhelming and compelling governmental interest
The ruling was flawed in three major ways. First, it violated the property rights of phone owners (it is, after all, your phone, and you should do what you want with it). Second, it protected the interest and profits of a handful of large telecom companies over smaller competitors. Third, it created higher barriers to entry for new telecom companies, which could lead to less innovation.
Entrepreneur Sina Khanifar and I have advocated in The Atlantic and across the Web that this absurd ruling must be overturned, sparking a White House petition, written by Sina, to legalize unlocking. On February 21, 2013, we hit the 100,000-signature threshold to force the White House to provide a formal response.
Today, the White House came out in favor of cellphone unlocking:
"The White House agrees with the 114,000+ of you who believe that consumers should be able to unlock their cell phones without risking criminal or other penalties. In fact, we believe the same principle should also apply to tablets, which are increasingly similar to smart phones. And if you have paid for your mobile device, and aren't bound by a service agreement or other obligation, you should be able to use it on another network. It's common sense, crucial for protecting consumer choice, and important for ensuring we continue to have the vibrant, competitive wireless market that delivers innovative products and solid service to meet consumers' needs. This is particularly important for secondhand or other mobile devices that you might buy or receive as a gift, and want to activate on the wireless network that meets your needs -- even if it isn't the one on which the device was first activated. All consumers deserve that flexibility."
The White House says it will support narrow legislative fixes to solve this problem, but this is merely an interim step. A more permanent solution could ensure consumer rights, protect small businesses, and foster innovation.
The DMCA was passed three years before the iPod, six years before Google Books and nine years before the Kindle. Technology moves quickly, and it's not surprising that the law is now antiquated. But because of the draconian terms of the statute, the effect of being antiquated is not merely a poor bill; rather, it restricts entire classes of technology, such as consumer-unlocked cellphones (after contract has expired) that could spur competition in the wireless device and services market. Consumer groups and affected companies must fight for exemptions every three years by petitioning the Librarian of Congress to exempt seemingly ordinary technologies from the DMCA's list of criminal activities.
First, the White House should propose legislation to permanently legalize jail breaking, unlocking, accessibility technology for people with disabilities, backing up movies, and computer science research.
Second, the White House should announce a new commission to present recommendations to replace the triennial review process and to ensure that technologies are not banned unless there are overwhelming and compelling governmental interests. The commission should be extremely skeptical of banning any technology -- especially outside of the context of weapons. Additionally, the recommendations should include that DMCA circumvention provisions do not apply to circumvention without a "nexus" to copyright infringement. The White House should then champion legislation to enact these recommendations. If we are to determine that any forms of technology should constitute contraband, that process must be transparent and accessible for the general public.