Beyond the Bayonets: What Romney Had Right and Wrong About Our Navy

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Mitt Romney wandered into the mother of all sarcastic take downs at last night's debate when, in an effort to paint the president as weak on defense, he noted that the U.S. Navy has fewer ships now than any time since 1917. By now, you've probably heard Obama's retort:

Well, Governor, we also have fewer horses and bayonets, because the nature of our military's changed. We have these things called aircraft carriers, where planes land on them. We have these ships that go underwater, nuclear submarines. And so the question is not a game of Battleship, where we're counting ships. It's what are our capabilities? 

What everyone should keep in mind about this line -- other than the fact that it was colder than Ice Cube in a Coors Light ad -- is that it actually obscures the main issue here. Yes, it is truly irrelevant whether our next president commands a larger number of ships than the Wilson administration. But a serious argument can be made that our Navy is currently under-resourced, given our military's priorities over the coming years. The problem, as Obama himself seemed to suggest, is what we can afford to pay for. 

The U.S. fleet currently includes 285 ships, about a fifth of which are too dilapidated to deploy in a conflict. Navy officers have testified that it would take about 500 ships to respond to all the requests for support they receive from the various military commands. Think tanks and independent study groups have laid out proposals that would adjust the size of the fleet to anywhere from 240 ships up to 346. But with the United States shifting its military focus to the Pacific, an arena dominated by air and sea power, it's reasonable to suggest that we need a bigger armada. 

In its most recent 30-year plan, the Navy set its goal of maintaining 310 to 316 total vessels by building around eight new ships a year. But in a report this month, the Congressional Research Service noted that the Navy's own projections showed it would miss that bar for all 30 years, "and experience shortfalls at various points in ballistic missile submarines, cruisers-destroyers, attack submarines, and amphibious ships." 

Even making those concessions, the Congressional Budget Office has suggested that the Navy's plans would extremely expensive. Since 1983, we've spent an average of almost $15 billion per year building destroyers, subs, aircraft carriers and such. The CBO believes the current 30 year plan would require an annual $20 billion, on average. 

CBO_Ship_Building.png

Instead of building eight ships a year, Romney has suggested we crank out 15. As Wired's Spencer Ackerman has reported, this would likely cost an additional $35 to $40 billion over half a decade, depending on which ships his administration actually chose to produce. 

And again, the investment might be worth it. Spending more money to build advanced warships would a decent jolt of stimulus. It would help reinforce our naval dominance at a time when China is trying to project itself as a maritime power. The problem is, nowhere does Romney suggest how he would pay for it. He's proposed spending an additional $2.1 trillion on the military over 10 years. He's also suggesting massive tax rate cuts (with vague but promised offsets) and steep budget cuts that somehow spare Medicare and Social Security. There's no giant couch on Capitol Hill where the spare change he'd need to make this happen is hiding. 

It wasn't absurd or backward-looking for Romney to suggest we might need to invest in our navy. But as Obama noted, we have to work within the world of fiscal reality. "That's not reflected in the kind of budget you're putting forward, because it just doesn't work," he told Romney, in what was probably the heart of their exchange. The bayonets line was funny. But the idea that we can have all the guns, butter, and tax cuts we want is the real joke. 

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Jordan Weissmann is a senior associate editor at The Atlantic.

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