'News of the World' is Dead ... Long Live 'News of the World'!

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Does Rupert Murdoch, the News Corp CEO, intend to simply change his tabloid's title without addressing the alleged crimes?

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In Shakespeare's Hamlet, the title character laments how quickly his father's death was followed by his mother's betrothal. "The funeral baked meats, did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables," he says. Similarly, in Britain, the public may be concerned by how speedily the closure of Rupert Murdoch's scandal-ridden tabloid, the News of the World, has been replaced by celebrations over the launch of a new paper. Given Murdoch's wealth, however, they probably won't need to reuse the baked meats.

It's like Watergate in reverse, but with Woodward and Bernstein bribing the cops and then covering their tracks by deleting millions of emails

The News of the World, a tabloid appearing only on Sunday, is Britain's biggest selling newspaper. In fact, with a circulation of 2.7 million, it easily outsells every American paper. But after 168 years, the News of the World is running its last edition this weekend. Murdoch decided to ax the paper after allegations that it bribed police officers for information, lied to Parliament, and hacked into the voice mail messages of not only a murdered girl but also victims of a terrorist attack and soldiers killed in Afghanistan and Iraq.

James Murdoch, the chairman of News International, said that the News of the World was tarnished by "inhuman" editorial practices, which were "without conscience or legitimate purpose."

It's like Watergate in reverse, but with Woodward and Bernstein bribing the cops and then covering their tracks by deleting millions of emails.

The web of malfeasance stretches to the highest levels of government. Andy Coulson, a past editor of the News of the World, and recently British Prime Minister David Cameron's director of communications, has just been arrested by police. British journalist Peter Oborne believes the scandal will permanently damage Cameron's reputation in the same way that the Iraq War hurt Blair.

So what's the next move for Rupert Murdoch? The least likely option is that he withdraws from the Sunday tabloid market. Tabloid newspapers have an influence on British politics and culture that is far greater than in the United States. In fact, British tabloids can seem a law unto themselves, ferociously championing their favored political party at election time. After the Conservatives emerged victorious in the 1992 election, another Murdoch tabloid, The Sun, ran the headline: "It's the Sun Wot Won It" -- and many agreed.

Murdoch will probably publish a new Sunday tabloid soon, perhaps without even missing a week. At present, The Sun runs for six days, and then like the divine, rests on Sunday. The end of the News of the World creates a big commercial hole. Abhorring a vacuum, Murdoch may simply turn The Sun into a seven-day-a-week operation.

But what to call it? The Sunday Sun would be an obvious choice, but a local newspaper in Newcastle, England has already taken the name. Here, we have an important clue. On July 5, just as the storm clouds were gathering, someone registered a domain name: www.sunonsunday.co.uk. We shouldn't be surprised if it was an agent of the Murdoch empire.

The British Justice Minister Kenneth Clarke concluded that the closure of the News of the World was a cosmetic enterprise: "All they're going to do is rebrand it." Meanwhile, the former Culture, Media and Sport Secretary Ben Bradshaw, described the move as "a smokescreen" that failed to deal with the alleged crimes.

Axing the News of the World was designed to amputate the sickened limb and save the body. Seemingly dramatic action would help to achieve Murdoch's bigger goal -- getting the British government to approve his takeover of the highly profitable satellite television company BSkyB.

But if Murdoch simply changes the paper's title, while keeping many of the same faces and practices, the public may conclude that something is still rotten in the state of Britain.

Image: REUTERS/POOL New

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Dominic Tierney is a correspondent for The Atlantic and an associate professor of political science at Swarthmore College. He is the author of How We Fight: Crusades, Quagmires, and the American Way of War. More

Dominic Tierney is associate professor of political science at Swarthmore College, and a senior fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute. He completed his PhD in international politics at Oxford University and has held fellowships at the Mershon Center at Ohio State University, the Olin Institute at Harvard University, and the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard.

He is the author of Failing to Win: Perceptions of Victory and Defeat in International Politics (Harvard University Press, 2006), with Dominic Johnson, which won the International Studies Association award for the best book published in 2006, and FDR and the Spanish Civil War: Neutrality and Commitment in the Struggle that Divided America (Duke University Press, 2007).

His latest book is How We Fight: Crusades, Quagmires, and the American Way of War (Little, Brown 2010), which Ambassador James Dobbins, former Assistant Secretary of State for Europe, described as "A great theme, beautifully written and compellingly organized, it's a fitting update to Russell Weigley's classic [The American Way of War] and an important contribution to a national debate over the war in Afghanistan which is only gathering steam." (More on Facebook.)

Dominic's work has also appeared in The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, TIME.com, and on NPR.
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