With unemployment expected to remain above 9 percent for the next year, the government is considering fresh steps to add jobs. 24/7 Wall St. looked at ten possible solutions that could help return us to full employment, which most economists consider around 5 percent. None of these plans are new, many of them are expensive, and some of them have not been used in America for decades, if ever. But in the worst recession of the post-war era, they all deserve consideration.
1. Germany has a government policy which provides tax credits to companies that shorten work hours rather than lay off employees. Let's say there's a company with 100 jobs that wants to slash its payroll by 10 percent. It can fire 10 people. Or it could reduce hours by 10 percent and get a tax credit from the government to make the employees "whole." Companies save money, but add workers.
2. Saving Small Business. Economists repeatedly make the point that small businesses are and have been the primary engine of job creation in America. They're also at a disadvantage. Large companies have easier access to capital markets and low interest rates even with the depressed economy. By contrast, banks have been reluctant to fund small operations that have little or no cash and uncertain prospects and a relatively small number of customers. The federal government should shoulder some of the risk of small business loans and provide new incentives for banks to lend to smaller businesses.
3. Tax Credits. Tax credits will almost certainly be part of any program to improve unemployment because businesses need a concrete reason to hire during a difficult economic period. Companies have become used to employing people part-time to keep the costs of benefits and severance low. Any plan to increase the number of full-time workers in the labor force will need to address this "part-time" issue. The federal government could provide a tax credit to companies who hire new workers or convert workers from part-time status. This would give enterprises that would like to expand, but are ambivalent about the economy, an incentive to do so.
4. Working For The Government. Many of the FDR economic stimulus programs of the 1930s were failures when viewed through the lens of permanent job replacement. But giving people work, even it if is not permanent, helps buoy the economy during sharp downturns. The Works Progress Administration, created in 1935, added nearly eight million jobs to the economy. Rather than pay the unemployed to stay idle, the government gave them job skills that were useful when the economy recovered.
5. State Jobs, Not Projects. Not enough of the first stimulus package went to direct job creation and too much went to tax incentives. State and municipal governments have been decimated by the downturn and they require money immediately, if for no other reason than to keep them from firing and furloughing more workers.