By damaging lungs and bringing people together, fire may have turned a soil microbe into a global pathogen.
Certain gut bacteria have evolved in parallel with apes, so that their family tree perfectly mirrors our own.
In a rare case of specific communication between humans and wild animals, the Yao people of Mozambique have a special call for attracting the greater honeyguide.
Biology textbooks tell us that lichens are alliances between two organisms—a fungus and an alga. They are wrong.
A genetically modified strain of the bacteria has successfully planted drugs in mice tumors.
Within hours of hatching, these baby birds can learn concepts like “same” or “different”—and they do so faster than human infants.
The hard structures started forming before the long reign of the dinosaurs, and they did so for a specific purpose.
Scientists have claimed that humans have an innate, universal preference for some chords over others—but a study of remote villagers suggests otherwise.
Discovering genes that increase the risk of tumors is one thing—but actually using that knowledge to help people is another.
A team of Pakistani scientists created a phone service that could accurately point health workers to areas where the disease was emerging.
While the world panics about the Great Barrier Reef, an even larger and more valuable habitat is collapsing under our noses.
Scientists have a new way to eavesdrop on the planet and its inhabitants.
By using “organoids,” scientists can work out how people with rare diseases will respond to new medicines.
It has spread from one clam species to another, and is one of now eight transmissible tumors.
The last paper from one of the world’s greatest ecologists challenges his peers to think about humanity’s influence on the world.
A new study suggests that giant bears, sloths, and saber-toothed cats died because warming temperatures cocked the gun, and people pulled the trigger.
Antibiotics and C-sections might change a baby's microbes, but it's not clear that those changes are bad, lasting, or that they matter at all.
Not all of the world’s reefs are in bad shape—and a few of the healthiest are managed by humans.
I’m deeply saddened to learn that Bob Paine, a giant of ecology, passed away yesterday. You may not know his…
Bird breeders pushed a Venezuelan finch to the brink of extinction so that canaries could be red.